Lenin’s mausoleum in Moscow’s Red Square offers up one of Moscow’s most macabre attractions and perhaps the most famous “modern mummy” in the world.
Frozen in time, Vladimir Ilych Lenin’s embalmed body lays within a red granite and black step-pyramid. Here visitors may gaze on it in the dark, cool of the tomb.
When Vladimir Ilych Lenin, the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution, died on January 21, 1924, he did not believe he was going to an afterlife. He assumed that death was the ultimate end for him. How wrong he was.
In his will, Vladimir Ilych Lenin requested he be laid to rest in the ground. Instead, he was embalmed and interred in a temporary wooden cube designed by architect Alexei Shchusev. His body was on display before his funeral, and - while the government planned to bury him, according to them - the Russian people wouldn’t have it. The Russian government allegedly received over 10,000 telegrams from the grieving public asking for the body of great leader to be preserved in some way for the generations to come.
In response to the public outcry, the permanent mausoleum was commissioned in 1929 to preserve Lenin’s remains for a longer period of time. The current mausoleum was unveiled in 1930, again designed by Shchusev. Lenin’s body remained here until it was evacuated to Tymen, Siberia (along with his embalmers, who worked to keep it “fresh”), since Moscow was under the threat of Nazi invasion. In March of 1945, a Soviet operation codenamed “Object No. 1” moved Lenin’s body back from Siberia to the Moscow mausoleum.
The sarcophagus is kept at a constant temperature of 16° C (61° F) and humidity of 80 - 90 percent. Weekly, a mild bleach is used to fight discoloring fungus and mold on Lenin’s skin, and every eighteen months the corpse undergoes a chemical bath of glycerol and potassium for thirty days while the mausoleum is closed. During this time, Lenin’s clothes are washed and carefully ironed. And every three years, Lenin receives a new suit.
Sadly, due to the recent economic crisis, the charity that funds Lenin’s upkeep has fallen on hard times and can’t afford to buy Lenin a new silk suit. But then, Lenin would probably cherish the knowledge of capitalism’s global meltdown more then a new suit, anyway.
Lenin can be viewed for five minutes at a time in small groups under the watchful eye of guards in every corner of the room.
Dessert hold an important spot on the table and in the hearts of numerous Russians. Sweet treats are especially holy as they were regularly difficult to find in the midst of nourishment proportioning and deficiencies. The country has an affinity for dishes that will fulfill sweet-tooths, so whether it is nectar or chocolate that is your kryptonite, these treats are ensured to hit the spot. Syrniki Also a popular breakfast treat, syrniki are sweet cheese pancakes. Although they do rise and are fluffy, the cheese makes the pancakes a bit denser and more substantial than usual. They are made from tvorg (quark is an excellent alternative, and dried cottage cheese or ricotta will do in a pinch) and sweetened with sugar and vanilla. For dessert, dollop jam or berry coulis across them and top with sour cream and berries. Zefir Zefir is a well-known sweet arranged all through the previous Soviet Union, like marshmallows in surface and comprising of puréed
Russia tourists attraction Astrakhan, the regulatory Center of Astrakhan Oblast , is one of the biggest and most seasoned urban areas in southern Russia remembered for the rundown of verifiable urban areas of the nation. This city with a populace of about a large portion of a million people is situated in the upper piece of the delta of the Volga River, on 11 islands of the Caspian Lowland, around 80 km from the Caspian Sea. Photographs by: Slava Stepanov .